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鸡新城疫的综合防制

来源:      发布时间:2011-08-31 12:47:59      浏览次数:
鸡新城疫是由病毒引起的一种高度接触性传染病,其特征是呼吸困难,下痢和神经症状,主要病理变化是粘膜和浆膜出血。

  BENBINGRENGSHIMUQIANYANGJIYEZHONGWEIHAIZUIYANZHONGDEYIZHONGCHUANRANBING,SIWANGLVJIAOGAO,JINGJISUNSHIYEJIAODA,XIANZAIWOGUOGEDIYIPUBIANKAIZHANLEMIANYIJIEZHONG、MIANYIJIANCEHEZONGHEFANGZHICUOSHI,DUIXINCHENGYIDEKONGZHISHOUDUANYEZAIBUDUANDEJIAQIANG。

  MUQIANMIANYIJIQUNYEJINGCHANGFABING,FABINGZHENGZHUANGBUDIANXINGHUASHICHENGWEIFEIDIANXINGXINCHENGYI,WANGWANGYOUHUXIDAOZHENGZHUANG,FABINGLVHESIWANGLVBODONGJIAODA。

  一、临诊症状

  QIANFUQIYIBANWEI3~5TIAN,DULIRUODEKECHIXU20TIAN,GENJUZHENGZHUANGHEBINGCHENGDEZHANGDUANKEFENWEIYIXIASANZHONGLEIXING:

  1、ZUIJIXINGXING:DUOJIANYULIUXINGCHUQI,TURANFABING,CHANGWUTEZHENGXINGZHENGZHUANGERTURANSIWANG。

  2、JIXINGXING:BINGJIJINGSHENCHENYU,SHIYUJIANTUIHUOXIAOSHI,YOUDEBINGJICHUXIANSHENJINGZHENGZHUANG,LIANGTUIMABI,PIANTANNIUJING,LIUYAN,PAILVSEFENBIAN,KESOU、HUXIKUNNAN。

  3、YAJIXINGHUOMANXINGXING:CHUQIZHENGZHUANGYUJIXINGXINGXIANGSI,BUJIUHOUZHENGZHUANGZHUJIANJIANQING,TONGSHICHUXIANSHENJINGZHENGZHUANG,BINGJICHIBANGHETUIMABI,BIAOXIANCHIBANGXIACHUI、RUANJINGHUOZHANLIBUWEN、NIUJING,CHANDANMUJICHANDANXIAJIANG,RUANQIAODANZENGDUO,DANQIAOYANSEBIANQIAN。

  二、剖检变化

  XIANWEIRUTOUCHUXUE,JIWEIHEXIANWEIJIAOJIECHUCHUXUE,XIANWEIZHANMOZHONGZHANG,JIWEIJIAOZHICENGXIAYOUCHUXUEBAN。SHIERZHICHANGZHANMOHEJIANGMOCHUXUE,LUANHUANGDISHANG、XIAXING1~1.5LIMICHUZHANMODIANZHUANGCHUXUE,XIAOCHANGZHANMOZAOHEZHUANGCHUXUE、HUAISI,MANGCHANGBIANTAOTIZHONGDA、CHUXUEHEHUAISI,ZHICHANGZHANMODEZHOUZHECHENGTIAOZHUANGCHUXUE。QIGUANHUANCHUXUE,FEIYUXUE、SHUIZHONGHUOCHUXUE,XINGUANZHIFANGCHUXUE,XIONGTUIJIDIANZHUANGCHUXUE。CHANDANMUJIDELUANPAOHESHULUANGUANXIANZHUCHONGXUE,LUANPAOPOLIEYIZHILUANHUANGLIURUFUQIANGYINQILUANHUANGXINGFUMOYAN。BINGLIBIANHUAYUJIQUNMIANYIZHUANGTAIYOUGUAN,YOUBUFENMIANYILIJIDEZHENGZHUANG、SIWANGLVHEBINGLIBIANHUAYUYIGANJIGANRANXINCHENGYIBINGDUYOUXIANZHUBUTONG。YINCIZAIYIGEJICHANGFASHENGYIQINGSHI,JINKENENGDUOJIEPOUJILIBINGSIJI,ZONGHUIFAXIANYOUXIANWEIRUTOUYOUCHUXUEDIANDE,KEZUOZONGHEZHENDUANDEBUCHONG。

  三、不同日龄鸡群的发病特点及控制措施

  1、3~14RILINGDUANSHIFABING:CHUJICHUQIBIAOXIANTOUBUZHENZHAN、PIANTAN,DAYUEJINGLI4~5TIANHOUKEJIANDAONIUJINGDEJIZHI,XIANCHANGYECHANGJIANDAOYOUXIEJIQUNZAI3RILINGSHIJIUYOUNIUJING、ZHUANQUANDEJIZHI,DANGJIQUNCHUXIANZHEIXIEZHENGZHUANGSHI,YAOYINQIZHONGSHI,BINGPOUJIANCHUXIANSHENJINGZHENGZHUANGDECHUJI,TEBIEYAOLIUYILUANHUANGDISHANG、XIAXING1~1.5LIMICHUDEXIAOCHANGZHANMOSHIFOUYOUCHUXUEDIAN,ZHEIDUIXINCHENGYIDEZAOQIZHENDUANYIYIZHONGDA,YINWEICHUQIFABINGSHIHENNANJIANDAOXIANWEIRUTOUCHUXUE。CAIQURUXIAJINJIJIEZHONGJIJIYAODENGZONGHEKONGZHICUOSHI。

  (1)YONGLasotaYIMIAO2BEILIANGJIEZHONG:CAIQUDANJILIANGXISHIYEXISHIDANJILIANGYIMIAODEBANFA,MEIZHIJIZAIDIANYANYIDIDETONGSHI,ZAIDIBIYIDI,ZHEIYANGZUODEMUDESHIJINLIANGDUJUELOUMIANDEJIZHI。

  (2)YINYONGCINENGSU5TIAN:CINENGSUWEIMIANYIZENGQIANGJI,QIZHUYAOCHENGFENSHIHUANGQIDUOTANGHEXIANGGUDUOTANG,KETIGAOJITITEYIXINGMIANYIJINENG,KUAISUYOUDAOJITICHANSHENGKANGTI,TIGAOKANGTIXIAOJIA。

  (3)JIEZHONGXINCHENGYIYOURUMIAO:RUZAIYUANMIANYICHENGXUZHONGMEIYOUJIEZHONGXINCHENGYIYOURUMIAODEHUA,YINGGAIZUOBUJIEXINCHENGYIYOURUMIAODEDIAOZHENG。

  (4)SHIKEZHUYIJIQUNDONGXIANG:MEITIANYAOXIZHIGUANCHAJIQUN,DUILUXUCHUXIANSHENJINGZHENGZHUANGDEJIZHIYAOJISHISHAODIAO,ZAI19-21RILINGSHI,ZAIJINXINGLasota2BEILIANGDIANYAN,ZAI32RILINGSHIKECAIYONGMEILIYAXINWEILING2BEILIANGYINSHUI。BINGZAIZHEILIANGCIJIAQIANGMIANYISHI,DOUYAOLIANXUSHIYONG3~5TIANCINENGSUYINSHUI。

  (5)CHUZAISHIYONGYIMIAOQIANHOU(JI5TIANWAI),MEITIANYONGHAOYIJIEXIAODUYEDAIJIPENWUXIAODUYICI。

  2、19~21RILINGDUANSHIFABING:FABINGZHENGZHUANGJIAODIANXING,FABINGLVCHENGXUNSUSHANGSHENGQUSHI,POUJIANBIANHUAMINGXIAN,SITAOLVJIAOGAO,XIANCHANGKONGZHINANDUJIAODA。

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